So your scan is complete, and you’re left scratching your head, trying to read the descriptions on the right side of the sheet for each term, and you just want to know what story your results tell. This post will walk you through your InBody results page to help you see a bigger picture of your health, and what you might want to use to determine your goals for exercise and nutrition habits.
Body Composition Analysis – This is what your body is made of.
- Intracellular water: Weight of water located within your body’s cells
- Extracellular water: Weight of water located outside of your cells; may be indicator of swelling, inflammation or fluid retention if this # is increasing, but intracellular is not
- Lean Body Mass: Total “fat-free” weight in body including bone, muscle, water, organs
- Body Fat Mass: Total weight of fat located both on the surface and within organs
Muscle-Fat Analysis – Breakdown of your body’s fat and muscle weight. The “100” on the scale is “normal” weight for others at your same height. Above this 100 would mean greater than recommended weight, under the 100 would mean less than the recommended weight
- Weight: Total body weight.
- SMM – Skeletal Muscle Mass – the weight of the muscles in your body that can be developed through exercise; this does not include mass from “lean body mass” – think of these as the “gains”; this is the area we want to find gains in, and this mass, when combined with a body fat percentage decrease, will start to give the “toned” look.
- Body fat mass: the weight of the fat mass in your body. If your number falls to the right of the “100” mark, and into the upper arrow area, we want to focus in on decreasing this number.
Three types of body types based off of “shape” created by Muscle-Fat Analysis numbers:
- C-shape: overweight, or unbalanced body type: weight and fat mass may be higher than skeletal muscle mass, and individual may consider decreasing fat mass as a health priority
- I-shape: “balanced” body type: weight, skeletal muscle mass and fat mass are relatively balanced. Often an indicator of a healthy weight and body fat mass, but may consider taking action on decreasing fat mass if it is high
- D-shape: “athletic” body type: skeletal muscle mass is the greatest area, whereas weight and fat mass are within normal or the lower range. This would be an “ideal” body type to achieve, but typically develop with very specific nutrient intake and a consistent exercise training program.
- BMI – Body Mass Index – Body fat mass divided by total weight. This will result in a range between 18-23% for a healthy individual, as defined by the World Health Organization, however, for women, this can extend up to 28%, with the average at 23. This metric is simple, but mainly used for a rough guideline for obesity, not necessarily the best metric for overall health and body composition.
- PBF – Percent Body Fat – Total fat mass divided by total weight. A healthy range for men is between 10-20%, while for women, between 18-28% (due to organs and other anatomical/genetic make up). Lower ranges can be healthy, as an athlete, however, higher ranges should be monitored in order to prevent the risk of heart disease, Type II Diabetes and other disease.
Segmental Lean Analysis – The breakdown of your lean body mass in the three main parts of your body: arms, legs and trunk. This can help understand distribution of muscle mass, but also takes into account body fluid/water; it can be informative of injury or even onset disease symptoms. The “100” mark determines the minimum recommendation of weight to support your body mass.
- Top bar: weight of lean body mass in the stated area
- Bottom bar: Sufficiency to support body mass. “100” = sufficient. >”120” = strong
- Arms: 6%+ difference= strength imbalance or potential fluid retention
- Legs: 3%+ difference= strength imbalance or potential fluid retention
ECW/TBW Analysis – Ratio between extracellular water and total body weight. A healthy range is between 0.360-0.390. Above 0.390 could indicate injury, swelling or excess body water. Excess body water may occur when individual follows a high-sodium diet, or can also be an indicator to investigate further with a medical professional.
Body Fat – Lean Body Mass Control – Somewhat your “road map” for setting body composition goals. The recommendations are given by the World Health Organization based off of height, weight and body fat and lean body mass balance. These numbers are determined by attaining an ideal Percent Body Fat, but will never recommend decreasing lean body mass.
Segmental Fat Analysis – Similar to segmental lean analysis, but this is the breakdown of your fat mass in the three main parts of your body. “100%” or lower = healthy for height and gender.
Basal Metabolic Rate – Amount of calories that your body needs at complete rest (just breathing) in order to sustain your weight, lean body mass and fat mass. Caloric intake can be considered for individuals based off of this number. For further guidance, you can receive a consultation with one of your nutrition coaches.
Visceral Fat Level – An estimated amount of fat surrounding the internal organs in the abdomen. Staying below “10” is ideal for preventing disease; 18-20 is an indicator to monitor fat levels, and incorporate cardiovascular training more frequently to help decrease the visceral fat level.
Body Composition History – This is a summary of any previous InBody scans you have done in the past. Entering your unique ID number will allow the InBody machine to track your data each time you complete a scan.
If you’re looking to learn more about how you can take action to achieve your health and fitness goals through nutrition, schedule a free consultation with a coach here. We are open to phone consultations as well as face-to-face! We’re hoping these results can help you determine your own health goals, so we can help you achieve them.
*If you are experiencing pain, or a medical emergency, please contact a medical professional.